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Tweed water catchment area

The Tweed water catchment covers an area of more than 570 square kilometres and is located entirely within the boundary of Tweed Shire.

Geographically, it sits within one of the largest natural erosion calderas in the world, which formed following eruptions of the Wollumbin/Mount Warning Volcano more than 20 million years ago.

This alignment of geographical and local government boundaries creates a range of unique opportunities for the sustainable management of the water supply catchment, the urban water cycle and natural ecosystems.


The Tweed has an average rainfall of approximately 1600 millimetres a year. Rain that falls within the catchment travels through forests, farms, villages and stormwater drains.

As this water moves over the land, it picks up impurities and pathogens, which then need to be removed through the water treatment process.

Water supply networks

There are three water supply networks in the Tweed Shire. The major network supplies Tweed Heads and surrounds, the Tweed Coast and the Murwillumbah district. While two small networks supply the rural villages of Tyalgum and Uki.

Tweed River

For much of the year, natural flows in the Tweed River supply our water. During drier months (when flows in the freshwater section of the Tweed River fall below 95 per cent), flows are supplemented by releases from Clarrie Hall Dam situated on Doon Doon Creek - a tributary to the Tweed River.

Clarrie Hall Dam

The dam has a capacity of 15,000 usable megalitres and is protected by buffer zones including more than 900 hectares of Council-owned forested land and Mount Jerusalem National Park.

When water is released from Clarrie Hall Dam , it flows down Doon Doon Creek and into the Tweed River upstream of Uki village. It then flows down to Bray Park Weir (a man-made tidal barrier that stops salt water entering the fresh water supply).

Once the water reaches Bray Park Weir, it is extracted, treated and pumped via a network of more than 718km of pipes to 41 reservoirs throughout the shire.

PanoramicNatural flows in the Tweed River supply our water

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