Cane toads (Bufo marinus, Bufonidae) naturally occur in the southern USA and the tropics of South America.
Cane toads were deliberately introduced into Australia in an unsuccessful attempt to control pest beetles of sugar cane. About 3000 were first released near Cairns, northern Queensland, in July 1935.
Having no natural predators, cane toads have now spread and are currently distributed in northern and eastern Queensland, around Kakadu in the Northern Territory, and along the coast of New South Wales as far south as Yamba and around Port Macquarie.
They are now a major threat to native animals on the far north coast of New South Wales.
Cane toads are a pest because:
Cane toads can be identified as follows:
Please [ click here ] to see (and hear) the difference between some of our native frogs and cane toads.
If handling cane toads, take care not to come in contact with the poison. Venom exudes from the parotoid glands above the shoulders and toads have been reported to spray venom a short distance. Always use rubber gloves.
Always take care when handling frogs.
Tweed Shire Council Invasive Species Officer
02 6670 2778
Cane Toads in Oz
This site provides a wealth of knowledge on how Cane Toads live, what effect they have on native species, and most importantly, how science may be able to help us control these troublesome pests.
Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
This site provides a link to the Draft Threat Abatement Plan for Cane Toads, as well as links to some scientific papers and fact sheets.
Frog and Tadpole Study Group
The Frog and Tadpole Study Group are a society of people based in New South Wales, Australia, who have a genuine interest in frogs and tadpoles. This site provides all sorts of information on frogs, including frog identification and fact sheets on building frog ponds and creating frog habitat on your property.
Northern Territory Government website
The Northern Territory government has provided an excellent site, with relevant information and numerous downloads.